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ADD/ADHD TYPES

ADD/ADHD DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA


1. ADD/ADHD, predominantly Inattentive type
  • Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes
  • Has difficulty sustaining attention
  • Does not appear to listen
  • Struggles to follow through on instructions
  • Has difficulty with organization
  • Avoids or dislikes tasks requiring sustained mental effort
  • Is easily distracted
  • Is forgetful in daily activities


2. ADD/ADHD, predominantly Hyperactive-impulsive type
  • Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in chair
  • Has difficulty remaining seated
  • Runs about or climbs excessively
  • Difficulty engaging in activities quietly
  • Acts as if driven by a motor
  • Talks excessively
  • Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
  • Difficulty waiting or taking turns
  • Interrupts or intrudes upon others
3. ADD/ADHD, combined type
  • Individual meets both sets of Inattentive and Hyperactive-impulsive criteria
The following four sub-types of ADD/ADHD were identified by Daniel Amen, M.D. Each include the core symptoms listed above, plus additional symptoms as noted:

4. Overfocused sub-type
  • Worries excessively or senselessly
  • Oppositional and argumentative
  • Strong tendency to get locked into negative thoughts
  • Tendency toward compulsive behaviors
  • Tendency to hold grudges
  • Trouble shifting attention from subject to subject
  • Difficulties seeing options in situations
  • Tendency to hold on to his or her own opinion and not listen to others
  • Tendency to get locked into course of action, whether good or bad
  • Needs to have things done a certain way
  • Is criticized by others for worrying too much
5. Temporal Lobe sub-type
  • Periods of quick temper or rages with little provocation
  • Misinterprets comments as negative when they are not
  • Tendency to become increasingly irritable, explode, then recede; often tired after a rage
  • Periods of spaciness or confusion
  • Periods of panic and/or fear for no specific reason
  • Imagines visual changes, such as seeing shadows or objects changing shape
  • Has a history of head injury, or family history of violence or explosiveness
  • Periods of forgetfulness or memory problems
  • Has a short fuse or periods of extreme irritability

6. Limbic sub-type
  • Moodiness
  • Negativity
  • Low energy
  • Frequent irritability
  • Tendency to be socially isolated
  • Frequent feelings of hopelessness, helplessness, or excessive guilt
  • Lowered interest in things that are considered fun
  • Sleep changes (too much or too little)
  • Chronic low self-esteem
7. Ring of Fire sub-type
  • Angry or aggressive
  • Sensitive to noise, light, clothes, or touch
  • Frequent or cyclic mood changes
  • Inflexible or rigid in thinking
  • Insists on having his or her own way
  • Periods of mean, nasty, or insensitive behavior
  • Periods of excessive talkativeness
  • Periods of excessive impulsivity
  • Exhibits unpredictable behavior
  • Displays grandiose or "larger than life" thinking
  • Talks fast
  • Has the sensation that thoughts go fast
  • Appears anxious or fearful

Types 1, 2, and 3 are summaries taken from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Vol 4. Types 4, 5, 6, and 7 are taken from Healing ADD, Daniel Amen, 2001